|FOREST SANGHA NEWSLETTER||OCTOBER 2009|
Some of the Pali and foreign terms used in the Forest Sangha Newsletter
Please note: Pali diacritics have been omitted throughout the newsletter. Below are brief descriptions of how these words are being used in this issue of the FSN; they are not full definitions. Often used, many have not been italicized.
For a more complete glossary of Pali terms including useful references, see John Bullits collection on www.accesstoinsight.org
Ajahn: (Thai) Senior monk or nun; literally teacher. Used for those with ten vassas or more, regardless of their role in the community.
anagarika: A male or female postulant in the preliminary noviciate stage.
anjali: A gesture of respect by joining palms in front of the heart.
anumodana: An expression of appreciative acknowledgment of goodness performed.
bhikkhu : A Buddhist monk.
bhikkhuni (Pali)/ bhikshuni (Sanskrit): A Buddhist nun.
bodhisatta: "A being (striving) for Awakening"; the term used to describe the Buddha before he became Buddha.
Buddha: Awakened One; the perfectly enlightened historical teacher of the Dhamma.
Bodhi Tree: The tree under which the Buddha was liberated, or same kind.
dana : Giving, generosity; offering, alms.
deva; devata: Lit. 'shining one'; an inhabitant of the heavenly realms.
Dhamma: The Truth; the teaching of the Buddha.
Dhammacakka: "Dhamma-wheel"; the symbol of a wheel representing the Buddhas teaching.
Dhamma-vinaya: The Teaching and Training, or Doctrine and Discipline
garudhammas: Eight ' vows of respect' pertaining to the Bhikkhu Sangha.
kalyanamitta: Spiritual friend; a mentor or teacher of Dhamma.
kamma (Sanskrit: karma): Intentional acts that result in states of being.
kathina: An almsgiving ceremony at the end of the vassa.
kuti : A simple hut for dwelling and meditation.
Luang Por: (Thai) A title of affectionate respect (lit. "Venerable Father")
maechee: (Thai) An eight-precept nun in Thailand.
Mahayana: The school of Buddhism mainly practised in Tibet and E.Asia.
pabbajja: "Going forth" ordination into the mendicant life.
parittas: Blessing chants; a particular collection of the Buddha’s words.
Patimokkha: The basic code of discipline the Buddha established for his ordained disciples.
puja: Devotional observances such as chanting and offering incense.
samadhi: Concentration; unshakeable presence of mind.
samana: One who has entered the Holy life; religious recluse or wanderer.
samsara: The 'endless round' of birth and death.
samanera : A novice monk.
Sangha : The community of ordained Buddhist monks and nuns; alternatively, those who have realized liberation (Ariya Sangha).
sasana: The dispensation of the Buddha's teaching.
siladhara: A Buddhist nun from the community of Luang Por Sumedho.
stupa: Pagoda; a devotional monument often enshrining holy relics.
sutta: A discourse of the Buddha or his disciples.
Tan (Thai): A common title of respect.
thera: A bhikkhu of ten or more vassas.
Theravada : The school of Buddhism mainly practised in Thailand, Sri Lanka, Burma, Laos and Cambodia.
theri: A Siladhara of ten or more vassas.
Triple Gem : The Buddha, Dhamma and Sangha.
tudong : Austere contemplative wandering, relying on faith and meditation.
upasaka: A male lay-follower of the Buddha
upasampada: "Acceptance": ordination as a bhikkhu.
upasika : A female lay-follower of the Buddha.
vassa: The three-month summer "Rains Retreat"; a mark of how many years ("vassas") a monk or nun has been in robes.
vihara: A monastic dwelling.
Vinaya: The monastic discipline.